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Portal:42.3

tagline: 来自openSUSE

openSUSE 42.3 发布信息 edit

openSUSE Leap 42.3 是 Leap 42 系列的第三个版本。这是一个有着超过 10000 个的软件包,并为用户提供了全新硬件支持的版本。核心代码来自于 SUSE Linux Enterprise 12 Service Pack 3,除了与其共享一些常用的包外,还添加了更多的包。

openSUSE Leap 42.3 的发布主要专注于旧的适配器和新的软件开发。用户将会在 Leap 42.3 中找到一些使用于 Leap 42.2 的包,但也有更新、给用户更多功能和特性的包。openSUSE Leap 42.3 的稳定性和共享内核提供了一个高质量的、经过良好测试的 Linux 发行版,面向于系统管理员、开发者和桌面用户。

快来体验为什么 openSUSE Leap 是一个社区及企业值得采用的发行版。

software.opensuse.org 下载 Leap 42.3。建议在安装前先查看发行说明。

特性亮点 edit


openSUSE Leap 42.3 是...

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更接近企业版本

没错!在 openSUSE Leap 基于 SLE(SUSE Linux Enterprise)、Leap 42.2 从 SLE 12 添加了更多源码之后,Leap 42.3 从 SLE 12 SP 3 添加了更多的包并同步几个常用软件包。Leap 42.3 具有用于配置和使用逻辑卷管理器的工具,以及用于解析、提取和修改 UEFI 固件映像的工具。它具有低级虚拟机的包用于编译时、链接时、运行时和空闲时的优化。共享代码库允许 openSUSE Leap 42.3 接收来自 openSUSE 社区和 SUSE 工程师的增强的维护和错误修复。

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适于服务器

openSUSE Leap 42.3 在安装过程中提供了服务器安装选项。没有图形化的环境,在安装 Leap 服务器时你可以做任何你需要做的事情。有时就像运行一个 Web 或 Mail 平台一样简单,使用虚拟化或容器技术的复杂项目亦是如此。 请记住,Leap 和其他所有的 openSUSE 及 SLE 发行版都包含了全功能的文字模式安装器,提供了与图形界面安装器相同的功能而不需要 X。安装器还可以完全通过 VNC 或 SSH 远程登陆,完全不需要靠近它就可以设置您的 openSUSE Leap 服务器。

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熟悉的桌面

Plasma 5.8 和 GNOME 3.20 再次与其他一些桌面在 Leap 中可供使用。Leap 42.3 提供了 KDE 的 Plasma 5.8 长期支持版本,并提供出色的 KDE 可靠性和稳定性。GNOME 的 3.20 Delhi 版本提供稳定性以及极好的可用性和可访问性。拥有这些桌面一定会为用户提供一些一致性和熟悉度。

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内核

Leap 42.3 继续使用 4.4 LTS Linux 内核。4.4 内核的 70+ 小版本已经改进了许多驱动程序,并为 ARM、ARM64(AArch64)和 PowerPC(PPC)硬件架构带来了改进。内核版本改进了堆栈保护,并通过增加堆栈保护间隙大小来减少这些攻击的可能性。

对于开发者

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容器和容器化应用

openSUSE Leap 42.3 ships with Docker 1.12 which builds upon Dockers recent adoption of runC and containerd to bring the latest orchestration features, such as Docker Swarm. Docker containers and tooling make building and shipping applications dramatically easier and faster. This release is the first to include Flatpak, a software utility for software deployment, package management, and application virtualization for Linux. It provides a sandbox environment in which users can run applications in isolation from the rest of the system.

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IDE 和工具

Leap 42.3 carries a mature version of the Qt 5 GUI toolkit (5.6) LTS . Qt 5.6 has some non-critical security fixes in the Qt framework and in third-party libraries. Qt now detects remote print queues using avahi. This adds a delay the first time a print dialog is opened in an application. If you don't have any network print queues and you find the delay too annoying, it can be disabled by setting the QT_DISABLE_PRINTER_DISCOVERY environment variable to 1 in /etc/environment . GTK 3.20, shared with SUSE Linux Enterprise 12 SP3, provides a solid & stable toolkit for building gtk based applications. GNOME Builder is offered as a powerful general purpose IDE for not only GTK applications based on C, C++ and Vala, but many other languages in addition. For all your compiling needs, Leap 42.3 has gcc 4.8.5 as the default compiler, but gcc 5.3.1, 6.1.1 and 7.1.1 are also available options for developers.

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语言和库

openSUSE Leap 42.3 include older and newer Programming languages. Go 1.6.2, Python 2.7, Ruby 2.4 and Perl 5.18 are all available in Leap 42.3. This Leap release provides new major version libraries. New features for libvirt 3.3.0 enabling data batching and can improve network performance for guests. Functionality for the package manager is improved in libzypp (16.12). Leap also has the well established GNU C Library that has Power 9 enablement.


对于系统管理员

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虚拟化

openSUSE Leap 42.3 is full of virtualization solutions. QEMU 2.9 provides an extremely well-performing CPU emulator that allows you to choose between simulating an entire system and running userspace binaries for different architectures. VirtualBox 5.1.18 has a patch for API change in Leap 42.3. openSUSE Leap 42.3 has a perfect base system to distribute applications the set up is easy with YaST and gnome-boxes. System administrator will be able deploy solutions quickly and easily with openSUSE Leap 42.3. The release provides system administrators several options to easily maintain reliable operations of computer systems. Create and manage Linux containers with Leap with Docker and LXC. Also, take control of your Linux container images with openSUSE’ Portus Project.

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一切 YaST

The YaST development sprints have brought tons of improvements to openSUSE Leap 42.3. The YaST community has been working hard to improve usability and continues to add new tools and modules in Tumbleweed and Leap. The list of improvements include extending the ability to configure and use Trusted Boot also to EFI systems, new possibilities for network installation, enhancements in the YaST partitioner and better integration with Systemd services. The most visible change is the revamped desktop selection screen in the installer, that offers a more fair playground for all graphical environments beyond KDE and GNOME. The installer no longer offers a predefined selection of "secondary" desktops environments, but relies on the existing patterns created and maintained by the enthusiasts of every graphical environment. So the "those who do, decide" principle now also drives the selection of available desktops. AutoYaST is now more robust, powerful and friendly than ever. Apart from faster installation in many situations and better reporting of the adjustments automatically performed to the partition sizes, the management of services have been moved to the first AutoYaST stage, which opens the door to many new possibilities for more flexible unattended scenarios. The new jewel of the AutoYaST crown is its brand new integration with SaltStack and other configuration management systems introduced by the new addition to the Leap family: the yast2-configuration-manager package. Now AutoYaST can take care of the system installation (partitioning, network setup, etc.) and then delegate the system configuration to one of those widely used external tools.

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管理系统

openSUSE Leap has Samba 4.6.5 and comes with the security release 4.6.4 that takes care of a remote code execution vulnerability that allowed a malicious client to upload a shared library to a writable share, and then cause the server to load and execute it. Systemd 228 remains in Leap 42.3 and has received fixes for memory leak as well as enhancement for rollbacks capabilities using openSUSE Technology. MariaDB 10.0.30 and Linux binary tarballs will now always untar to directories that match their filename. MySQL’s 5.6.36 improved thread_pool plugin performance, connection authentication and initialization have been moved from the acceptor thread to the thread pool worker threads that handle client connections. It is also worth remembering that openSUSE Leap uses Delta RPMs for all maintenance updates, ensuring that the long term bandwidth requirements for maintaining your Leap system are as small as possible.


对于用户

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KDE

openSUSE Leap 42.3 has KDE’s Long Term Support edition of its flagship desktop software, Plasma. Plasma 5.8 LTS is the default desktop environment in openSUSE and is feature rich with even more stable performance. The newer Plasma 5.8.7 adds three months work of new translations and fixes. A touchscreen fix and improved icons are available in KDE’s desktop selection for openSUSE Leap 42.3. KDE now integrates with Google Drive thanks to kio-gdrive which allows to access your data in the cloud from Dolphin as well as KDE file dialogs. To use your account, install the kio-gdrive package, open Dolphin, click on Network and then on Google Drive and "New account". The new place can be added to the side panel to access your Google Drive files easily from all KDE applications. The bugfixes for Plasma 5.8.7 are typically small but important and include fixes for user management, system setting, audio volume controls and the Plasma workspace. System administrators will enjoy the Kiosk support from an improved Plasma in Leap 42.3. Check out the release notes for Plasma 5.8.7.

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GNOME

GNOME 3.20 is another desktop version that remains the same in openSUSE Leap 42.3. The stability of it offers privacy controls to improve per-application location access, quick access to media controls directly from the shell, and keyboard shortcuts and gestures can be easily learned with new shortcut overlay windows. Many GNOME applications have shortcut windows for 3.20, including Files, Videos, Photos, gedit, Builder, Maps and more. In each application, the shortcut window can be opened from the application menu, or by using the Ctrl+/ or Ctrl+F1 shortcut. GNOME can access Google Drive directly from the Files application in openSUSE Leap 42.3. Check out the release notes for GNOME 3.20.

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其他桌面环境

openSUSE Leap 42.3 offers users the option to choose multiple desktop; try MATE, Xfce, Enlightenment or Cinnamon. LXQt 0.11.0, which has an improved user experience, once again ships in openSUSE Leap 42.3, but is not available in the installer.

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国际化

This openSUSE releases use Weblate to coordinate the translation of openSUSE into more than 50 languages. openSUSE’s Weblate interface enables everyone (from dedicated translators to casual contributors) to take part in the process and makes it possible to coordinate the translations of openSUSE with the ones for SUSE Enterprise Linux, boosting collaboration between community and enterprise.


详细信息 edit

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发现

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文档

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发行版本 edit

下个版本:

  • openSUSE Leap 42.3
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